India has a strong domestic market for cars and the growth is expected to be sustainable, increasing over the next few years. However infrastructure available for the vehicles like roads parking spaces have been a challenge in most the Indian cities.
Demand for parking in the CBD areas of Indian cities is twice the supply. Acute shortage of parking supply is witnessed in commercial areas and indiscriminate parking impedes free flow of traffic and cause accidents. In addition, with land in metros and ‘A’ grade cities becoming scarce and dearer and plots getting smaller, conventional parking is proving infeasible. Sometimes it is found that the ramp or car lifts eat up much parking area that no increase in parking capacity is possible. In such case, mechanized car parking systems make creation of extra parking capacity feasible.
Multi-level car parking system enables maximizing car parking capacity by utilizing vertical space, rather than expanding horizontally. The Equivalent Car Space (ECS) that can be accommodated at the parking site would vary with the technology used. The types of multilevel parking are:
Conventional multilevel parking system can be underground, above ground or both under and above ground structure. The open parking structure is preferable to enclosed structures for above ground, as it does not require mechanical ventilation and specialized fire protection systems.
As against cars being driven (on ramps) or carried (in car lifts) to different levels in conventional multilevel parking, cars are driven at only one level for parking or retrieval. Cars are parked in steel pallets and a target pallet comes up or down to the driveway level at the press of a button, for parking or retrieval. Technologies used for automated parking systems are of the following types:
1. Puzzle Type or Modular
2. Elevated Type or Tower
3. Multi-Level Floor Parking
4. Multi-Level Circulation Automated Parking System
5. Rotary type
6. TD (Stacker) System
Automatic multi-storey car parks provide lower building cost per parking slot, as they typically require less building volume and less ground area than a conventional facility with the same capacity. However, the cost of the mechanical equipment within the building that is needed to transport cars internally needs to be added to the lower building cost to determine the total costs. Other costs are usually lower too, for example there is no need for an energy intensive ventilating system, since cars are not driven inside and human cashiers or security personnel may not be needed.
Automated car parks rely on similar technology that is used for mechanical handling and document retrieval. The driver leaves the car in an entrance module. It is then transported to a parking slot by a robot trolley. For the driver, the process of parking is reduced to leaving the car inside an entrance module.
At peak periods a wait may be involved before entering or leaving. The wait is due to the fact that loading passengers and luggage occurs at the entrance and exit location rather than at the parked stall. This loading blocks the entrance or exit from being available to others. Whether the retrieval of vehicles is faster in an automatic car park or a self park car park depends on the layout and number of exits.
International case studies prove that providing innovative solutions to parking problems and introducing mass transit systems do a lot more than just solve traffic problems. Such solutions also result in increased real estate values in a city, since consumers are willing to pay more for the convenience.
Automated multilevel car parking facilities at important locations are a viable way of addressing parking requirements. They can contribute significantly in reducing traffic congestion. These should ideally be developed near public transit points, within walking distance of key destinations. International property consultancy Jones Lang LaSalle India is now actively advising many city authorities and developers on such solutions. MLCPs are now being implemented on a Design, Build, Operate and Transfer model via Public Private Partnerships.
Various Multi Level Car Parking Initiatives in India
New Delhi Municipal Council: An integrated multi-level modern car parking complex was developed by DLF for New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC) on Built-Operate-Transfer basis. The parking accommodates 824 vehicles.
Municipal Corporation of Delhi: The fully automated multi-level car parking complex is planned at to accommodate 828 cars and 300 two-wheelers and will be constructed by the Municipal Corporation of Delhi.
Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation has planned to set up a multilevel car parking system that will have two 11-storey tower car parks for accommodating 22 cars each and a three-level puzzle park for 43 cars. A total of 263 cars will be parked. In the tower system, a lift ferries cars to a height and parks them. In the puzzle system, which is wider than taller, cars are fitted into various vacant slots.
Head – Strategic Consulting
Chennai | Coimbatore | Colombo
Jones Lang LaSalle, India