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BIM: Enabling the transformation of a mall to a multi-speciality hospital

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Bangalore headquartered KGD-Architecture focuses on hospital and clinic design and now sees an increasing demand for aesthetics and convenience during the construction of healthcare set ups. Columbia Asia Hospital at Whitefield, Bangalore is one such project.

KGD is an integrated one stop design company with architecture, interior, structure, mechanical, plumbing, electrical, fire protection, landscape and infrastructure, all under one roof. It has a team of over 300 dynamic architects and engineers from across the globe. KGD-architecture works on a 5D platform to effectively manage conflicts and sequencing along with reduction in cost and construction time. Their designs are in consideration with building life-cycle which lowers down maintenance cost.

“We were able to fully utilized Mall building without any major structural demolition or damage. We have reused existing structure and building elements. Autodesk BIM solutions enabled instant access to organized project information, direct communication between project members and automated detection of construction problems before actual construction said Nejeeb Khan, the Managing Director, KGD Architecture.

KGD’s expertise lies in its young and vibrant team that generates unconventional ideas and designs and offers customized services to the clients. Providing well-fabricated project plans is one of the main strengths of KGD. The firm believes that a humanistic understanding and approach forms the basis for design. KGD has recently completed the world class sites of Facebook Headquarters in Hyderabad, IBIS Hotel in Goa and Columbia Asia Hospital, Bangalore.

Developed by an international healthcare group, Columbia Asia Hospital in whitefield is a multi-specialty one. Located in Bengaluru east region, the redeveloped hospital site area spreads over 2.5 acres with a built-up area of over 200,000sqft. and 230 beds.

Like other Columbia Asia Hospitals, it was built on international standards that meet the needs of patients offering comprehensive clinical programs and ancillary services Along with the basic requirements, attention was given to make it a green building with the use of double glazed walls, LED lights, high end building management system, natural light, ultra-filtration system and rain water harvesting.


The structure is surrounded by IT offices and residential projects for IT professionals. “Converting an existing shopping mall building to functional flow requirements of a hospital was the most challenging aspect because the building was already designed and functional for a different purpose. The repurposing of internal and external space and match it to chain of Columbia Asia Hospitals were the mega challenges, ” said Prasanna Kumar, Sr. Project Manager, KGD.

Converting an existing building into a hospital was an excellent alternative to new construction. But it is a project to be undertaken with no less circumspection and “penciling” than new construction.

As the project was huge and involving around eight services including Electrical, plumbing, HVAC, interior, etc. there was a need to have better coordination and information transfer between team members working with the project.

“The design challenges included mixed-use occupancy and non-repeating geometry; this kind of random geometry used in the mall was the most challenging aspect because it dictated where everything else was placed: where columns needed to be discontinued and where transfer conditions were needed,” added Prasanna Kumar.

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